Olde Getty Place - A Gettysburg Walking Tour

OGP CoverIn partnership with Elm Street in Gettysburg, the PA ALBC recently helped to publish a walking tour brouchure of "Olde Getty Place" in Gettysburg.

This free, educational brochure provides information to visitors about sites of interest within the older historic neighborhoods of Gettysburg including many that were of special significance to the African American community.

Research and editorial support for this project was provided by Peter C. Vermilyea, Department of History, Western Connecticut State University.

Intro from the Waking Tour

"Gettysburg was a town of 2,400 inhabitants at the time of the great battle in 1863. Of this number, approximately 190 were African-Americans. Living only a few miles from the Mason-Dixon Line, Gettysburg's black residents were often in fear of slave raiders, who would enter Pennsylvania in search of fugitive slaves; however, little discretion was used in determining who was free and who was a runaway. Still, many African Americans from Maryland and Virginia continued to move to Gettysburg because of the opportunities for work and employment for their children. The outbreak of Civil War brought the danger of Confederate invasion and the fear that an invading Southern army would capture African Americans to sell into slavery. When Robert E. Lee's army crossed the Potomac in 1862 and again during the Gettysburg Campaign in 1863, many African Americans strapped their belongings onto their backs and fled. When the Confederate invasions were turned back, many of these refugees never returned to town, instead settling in cities such as Harrisburg and Philadelphia, which offered employment with greater security. Records from the fall of 1863 indicate that there were 64 African Americans living in Gettysburg. Many of those who did return to Gettysburg lived in this neighborhood."

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